Inside are folders—the Personal folders—named for the people who ,id this PC. This is only the first of many examples in which Windows imposes a fairly rigid msising structure. Still, the approach has its advantages. By keeping such tight control over which files go where, Windows 7 keeps itself pure—and very, very stable. Other operating systems known for their stability, including Mac OS X, work the same way. Furthermore, keeping all your stuff in a single folder makes it very easy for you to back up your work. Technically, your Personal folder lurks inside the C: That principle makes navigation easy.
You never have to wonder where you filed something, since all your stuff is sitting right there in Documents. As you can probably guess, the Pictures and Music folders are intended to house them—and these Start menu commands are quick ways to open them. In fact, whatever software came with your digital camera or MP3 player probably dumps your photos into, and sucks your music files out of, these folders automatically. You get only six in the Starter edition of Windows 7.
Note The first time you open the Games folder, a message pops up to ask if you want to use the recommended update and folder settings. If so, Windows will notify you when updates to your games are available; auto-download rating and genre details about your games; and, in certain folder views, show when you last played a game. For example, by double-clicking your hard drive icon and then the various folders on it, you can eventually see the icons for every single file and folder on your computer. When you select a disk icon, the Details pane if visible shows its capacity and amount of free space bottom.
It has two functions: Justice Department.
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Details are on Default Programs. To specify which program opens when you double-click a certain kind of document. Details on Default Programs. Note Grizzled, longtime Windows veterans may want to note that this file-association function used to be called File Types, and it was in the Folder Options window. Tip Once again, speed fans have an alternative to using the mouse—just press the F1 key to open the Help window. Try it again after clicking the desktop. When you shut down, you have to wait for all your programs to close—and then the next morning, you have to reopen everything, reposition your windows, and get everything back the way you had it.
What you should do is put your PC to sleep. Click the to see these commands. But whatever you had running remains open behind the scenes. After the interloper is finished, you can log in again to find all your open programs and documents exactly as you left them. How do you want to stop working today? Microsoft offers you six different ways. This command locks your computer—in essence, it throws a sheet of inch-thick steel over everything you were doing, hiding your screen from view. Tip You can trigger this button entirely from the keyboard. Hit these keys, in sequence: The underlined letter in the word Lock lets you know that O is the shortcut key.
This command quits all open programs, and then quits and restarts Windows again automatically. In the olden days, Windows offered a command called Standby. This special state of PC consciousness reduced the amount of electricity the computer used, putting it in suspended animation until you used the mouse or keyboard to begin working again. Whatever programs or documents you were working on remained in memory. When using a laptop on battery power, Standby was a real boon. When the flight attendant handed over your microwaved chicken teriyaki, you could take a break without closing all your programs or shutting down the computer.
Unfortunately, there were two big problems with Standby, especially for laptops. First, the PC still drew a trickle of power this way. Second, drivers or programs sometimes interfered with Standby, so your laptop remained on even though it was closed inside your carrying case. First, drivers and applications are no longer allowed to interrupt the Sleep process. No more Hot Laptop Syndrome. Second, the instant you put the computer to sleep, Windows quietly transfers a copy of everything in memory into an invisible file on the hard drive.
But it still keeps everything alive in memory—the battery provides a tiny trickle of power—in case you return to the laptop or desktop and want to dive back into work.
Windows 7: The Missing Manual by David Pogue
If you do return soon, the next startup is lightning-fast. Fortunately, Windows still has the hard drive copy of your work environment. So now when you tap a key to wake the computer, you opttion have to wait 30 seconds or so—not as fast as 2 seconds, but certainly better than the 5 minutes it would take to start up, reopen all your programs, reposition your document windows, and so on. The bottom line: You save power, you save time, and you risk no data loss. You can send a laptop to Sleep just by closing the lid. Hibernate equals the second phase of Sleep mode, in which your working world is saved to the hard drive.
Waking the computer from Hibernate takes about 30 seconds. Tip You can configure your computer to sleep or hibernate automatically after repqir period of inactivity, or repajr require a password to bring it out of hibernation. Mossing Creating your own plan for details. Shut down. Sleep is almost always better all the way around. The only exceptions have to do with hardware installation. Hit the key to open the Start menu. At this point, you can type the underlined letter of the command you want: But there are even faster ways.
If you have a laptop, just close the lid. If you have a desktop PC, just press its power button. In all these cases, though—menu, lid, power button—you can decide whether the computer shuts down, goes to sleep, hibernates, or just ignores you. In this dialog box leftyou can change what it says at the bottom of the Start menu right.
1. Check the BIOS
For most people, the best option is Sleep—not Shut down. Change what happens when you close the lid. Change what happens when you press the power button. In fact, for many people, the idea of fiddling with it Gatewau dangerously close to nerd territory. Still, Start-menu customizing got a big boost in Windows 7, so misding may as well sniff around opyion see optipn Microsoft offers. Besides, knowing how to manipulate compufer Start menu listings provides an interesting glimpse into the way Windows works, and tweaking it can pay off in efficiency down the road.
Each person with an account on this PC has an independent, customized Start menu. Start Menu Settings Microsoft offers a fascinating set of customization options for the Start menu. Ever wanted to reset Windows 7 without losing personal data? Between a factory reset and a reinstall, it was tough. Since Windows 8, we have two new options: Refresh and Reset. Which one is right Read More. If one of these coincides with when Windows started to misbehave, then you can use the System Restore tool to reinstate the settings and software that were in place at that time.
This action activates the system restore functionality. You also need to specify the maximum disk usage dedicated to Disk Space Usage. Drag the slider to determine how much space to allocate. You may need to spend a few moments checking through what will be affected so that you can reinstall software and—hopefully—avoid any apps that caused the problem that prompted you to use System Restore.
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Note that System Restore is not perfect. But what if it failed you? Try these tips before you reinstall Windows from scratch. Accessing Advanced Startup What if you need to roll back to a saved restore point, but cannot boot into Optjon 10? Here's how you can check with ease. However, in some cases it might not work. You make the adjustments in the BIOS menu. Usually, the option will be called Secure Boot and can be found in the Security tab. To work through the following steps, you will once again need a Windows installation media USB. Turn on your machine and boot from the tool. In Command Prompt, type diskpart and press Enter, then type list disk and press Enter.
You will see a list of all the disks attached to your machine.
Make a note of the disk number you need. Next, type select disk [number], replacing [number] with the aforementioned number. Press Gatewau. Now type list volume and press Enter. It will show you all the partitions on the disk you selected. Establish which partition Windows is installed on and make a note of the number, then type select volume [number], again replacing [number] with the number you just noted. Finally, type active and press Enter. To see if the process was successful, restart your machine. Did You Fix the Error Message? Hopefully, one of these six solutions will work for you. If all else fails, try taking your computer to a dedicated computer repair shop.